Pesticide resistance is a crucial factor to be considered when developing strategies for the minimal use of pesticides while maintaining pesticide efficacy. This goal requires monitoring the emergence and development of resistance to pesticides in crop pests. To this end, various methods for resistance diagnosis have been developed for different groups of pests. This review provides an overview of biological, biochemical, and molecular methods that are currently used to detect and quantify pesticide resistance. The agronomic, technical, and economic advantages and drawbacks of each method are considered. Emerging technologies are also described, with their associated challenges and their potential for the detection of resistance mechanisms likely to be selected by current and future plant protection methods.
R4P is a network funded by the SPE department of INRA. It is composed of Benoit Barrès, Marie-France Corio-Costet, Danièle Debieu, Christophe Délye, Sabine Fillinger, Jacques Grossman, Annie Micoud, Myriam Siegwart, Anne-Sophie Walker.
Reference: R4P (2016), Trends and challenges in pesticide resistance detection. Trends in plant science, doi : 10.1016/j.tplants.2016.06.006